January 1, 2010

TBI stands for ‘Traumatic Brain Injury’

Heads Up!
TBI stands for ‘Traumatic Brain Injury’
By Jade Moran, Lucas Ryan and Phillip Flynn
A trio of Parshall eighth graders teamed up to present information about Traumatic Brain Injury to athletes and classmates. They started their presentation by showing a short video they received free from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control). The video was called, “Heads Up, Concussion in High School Sports.”
A TBI Traumatic Brain Injury can be a concussion. A concussion is a brain injury that may result in a bad headache, altered levels of consciousness, and/or unconsciousness.
TBIs are caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. This can change the way the brain normally works. A TBI can range from mild to severe. I can occur doing practice or games in any sports. A TBI can happen even if you haven’t been knocked out or seriously injured. A blow to the head can be serious even if you have just been ‘dinged’ or had your ‘bell rung.’
There are numerous things that can cause a TBI, but the number one cause of a head injury is from a fall – 28-percent. Motor vehicle collisions are the second major cause at 20 percent; being struck by an object, accounts for 19 percent; and 11-percent are from the result of an assault.
Males are about one and half times more likely to get a TBI than females. The two age groups at highest risk for a TBI are zero to four years old and 15-19 years old.
There are 1.4 million people who sustain a TBI each year in the U.S. Of those who suffer from a TBE 50,000 die, 235,000 are hospitalized, and 1.1 million are treated and released from the emergency department. The number of people with a TBI who are not seen in an emergency department or who receive no care is unknown.
“Sometimes people do not recognize that a bump to the head can cause a concussion,” Jade Moran explained. “As a result, athletes may receive not medical care at the time of the injury, but they may later report symptoms such as headache and dizziness. These symptoms can be a sign of a concussion.”
 


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